OptiPrep Application Sheet V07
Adenovirus is important on two accounts, firstly most children by the age of 15 have been infected with at least one type of adenovirus and it is responsible for a wide variety of upper respiratory tract infections. Secondly it is a popular choice as a viral vector for potential use in gene therapy.
The latter in particular would clearly benefit from isolation methods which are both effective and cause little or no damage to the viral particles. Density gradient centrifugation has always played an important part in the concentration and purification of virus particles but the gradient media that have been used most prominently, sucrose and CsCl, pose a number of problems.
Both media are highly hyperosmotic at the densities used to band viruses (sucrose solutions are also very viscous) and generally have to be removed either by pelleting the virus or by dialysis, prior to further processing or analysis. CsCl also leads to poor recoveries and low infectivity of adenovirus isolates.
Because of the very low water activity of CsCl solutions, viruses tend to have significantly higher
density in this medium compared to media such as sucrose or any of the iodinated density gradient
media, although the magnitude of this difference varies from virus to virus. Many viruses in CsCl have
a density of approx 1.34 g/ml, in iodixanol the density range is generally 1.16-1.22 g/ml, although some
viruses may be as low as 1.14 g/ml or as high as 1.24 g/ml.